In 1999 Indian Motorcycle was revived, into what is now referred to as the Gilroy Indians, by group of investors led by Stephen Julius that saw an opportunity to revive the iconic American brand. The new models were based on the original Indian designs of the 1940s and 1950s, but with modern features and technologies. The bikes were an instant success and were praised for their classic styling, reliability, and performance. The Gilroy Indians represented a new era of Indian Motorcycle, with production based in Gilroy, California. The company had a strong focus on quality, with many parts made in-house and the bikes being hand-assembled. The Gilroy Indians were produced from 1999 to 2003, with several models introduced during this time, including the Indian Scout, Indian Chief, and Indian Spirit. However, financial difficulties and quality control issues eventually led to the closure of the Gilroy factory in 2003.